Gestation period is the period that is experienced by a woman that started from the first day of last menstruation until the process of childbirth, pregnancy usually lasts about 280 days or 40 weeks. In this period, pregnant woman will experience many changes in herself. And these changes will affect the condition of many pregnant woman themselves.
Because of these changes, then a pregnant woman should be able to adjust to these changes, among others that meet the needs for nutrition, rest, the pattern of daily activities and of course in maintaining the health of those changes. That is important because pregnant women are usually more susceptible to disease. Mainly caused by microorganisms such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, and animal parasites. Because if these microorganisms to attack pregnant women, not only will endanger the situation of pregnant women but also can interfere with fetal development in the womb. One example of fever and influenza which can develop into pneumonia.
So important for a pregnant woman to get protection against fever and influenza. Because as mentioned above that the situation will not only impact on pregnant women themselves, but also will affect the future growth of the fetus so that it can cause congenital abnormalities in the fetus. Besides national survey ever conducted in the United States showed that childhood deaths associated with influenza are most common in infants aged less than 6 months.
To overcome these problems, an effort that can be done is to provide influenza immunizations in pregnant women. Because based on research that has been done to test the effectiveness of this effort, it turns out that giving the vaccine proved effective in reducing both morbidity and mortality in the mother or the fetus. That is the mother who get the vaccine during pregnancy may reduce the occurrence of pneumonia and fever in the mother either alone or in infants birth until the age of less than 6 months.
Influenza vaccine can be given to pregnant women and children or infants from the age of over 6 months, this vaccine is not recommended for infants under 6 months. And also keep in mind that this tdak antiviral medications recommended for pregnant women in early pregnancy. The vaccine is given to pregnant women if proven to reduce about a third of all respiratory illness and fever in infants up to age 6 months.
The vaccine is given to pregnant women if proven to reduce about a third of all respiratory illness and fever in infants up to age 6 months.
To early in life, infants already have antibodies from their mothers, so that a baby can get an effective protection is needed a healthy mother with good antibody levels. In addition to that provided by maternal antibodies during pregnancy, the baby still can get it for a baby sucking on the mother. Therefore advisable for mothers to give their babies breast milk exclusively until age 6 months.
But in practice dinialai still quite low, because there were so many people that have not been enthusiastic to get this vaccine. So it requires effort from all sectors, particularly health professionals to convey the importance of staying healthy pregnant women and exclusive breastfeeding.