CIMT (Carotid Intima Media Thickness) Ultrasound
CIMT Ultrasound is a non-invasive method designed for the earliest detection of anatomical manifestation of atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries). Coronary atherosclerosis is a chronic, multifactorial disease process. Some individuals with atherosclerosis receive treatment in the form of mechanical or pharmacologic interventions after an acute event has occurred. Others receive treatment in the form of risk factor-based systemic intervention, the effectiveness of which is assessed by its ability to prevent an acute event.
For more information, visit Medical Technologies International at http://www.i-mti.com
Healthy arteries are flexible and elastic – they expand and briefly store blood from each heart beat thereby helping the heart move blood to all areas in your body. Unhealthy or diseased arteries are often stiff or hardened – placing extra strain on the heart and the artery wall which can result in heart failure, artery obstructions (plaque) and abnormalities that can interfere with normal blood flow.
With a quick, simple and non-invasive test, the CVProfilorŪ measures artery elasticity, which can help your physician identify whether you have potential underlying vascular disease. When arteries stiffen, they are more likely to clog and cause heart attacks and strokes. The CVProfilorŪ provides information on the health of your arteries and can help to identify problems even before you are aware of them.
EKG – Electrocardiogram
Electrocardiogram is a painless, very common test that records the heart’s electrical activity as a graph. It is used to evaluate unexplained chest pain, irregular heart beats, enlarged heart walls or inflammation around the heart. It can be used to monitor the effectiveness or possible side effects of certain medications and can check the function of implanted pacemakers.
Exercise Stress Test
Stress test is a useful screening tool for detection of significant coronary artery disease. Despite advances in disease prevention, coronary artery disease remains a major cause of illness and death in the United States.
The stress test can also be used to evaluate medical therapy and cardiac rehabilitation following a heart attack or myocardial infarction.
Bone Density Testing
A bone density test, or scan, is designed to check for osteoporosis, a silent disease that occurs when the bones become thin and weak. Osteoporosis happens when the bones lose calcium and other minerals that keep them strong, resulting in fragility factors. Osteoporosis begins after menopause in many women, and worsens after age 65, in both men and women. Osteoporosis can be treated and should be disgnosed and treated before any fractures occur.
Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry or DEXA for short is a machine takes a picture of the bones at the spine, hip, total body or wrist, and calculates the density. DEXA is the gold standard for diagnosing osteoporosis and following its response to therapy.
For more information, please visit the National Osteoporosis Foundation (http://www.nof.org) or the NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases (http://www.osteo.org).
Immunizations should be part of routine health care obtained through one’s personal physician (or in some instances, through one’s local health department). Long-lasting protection is available against measles, mumps, German measles (rubella), poliomyelitis, tetanus (lockjaw), whooping cough (pertussis), diphtheria, chickenpox (varicella), Hemophilus influenzae b (Hib), and hepatitis A & B. Immunization against all of these is recommended for children by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Academy of Family Practice, and the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) – (http://www.cdc.gov).
Immunization is also important for adults. Those unprotected against any of the above diseases (except whooping cough) should consult their physicians. Tetanus boosters should be administered every ten years. Flu shots (which give only seasonal protection) and immunization against pneumococcal pneumonia are recommended for high-risk patients, elderly individuals, and certain institutional populations. Meningoccal vaccine is now recommended for those 11 or 12 years and “catch-up” for previously unvaccinated teens entering high school and college freshmen.
A chest x-ray is usually done for the evaluation of lungs, heart and chest wall. Pneumonia, heart failure, emphysema, lung cancer and other medical conditions can be diagnosed or suspected on a chest x-ray. Traditionally, chest x-rays have been performed prior to employment, prior to surgery or during immigration. For more information please visit the CDC – http://www.cdc.gov.
Needle Free Nerve Conduction Testing
Nerve conduction velocity (NCV) is a test of the speed of conduction of impulses through a nerve. It is used to diagnose problems like carpal tunnel syndrome or lumbar radiculopathy
The nerve is stimulated, usually with surface electrodes, which are patch-like electrodes (similar to those used for ECG) placed on the skin over the nerve at various locations. One electrode stimulates the nerve with a very mild electrical impulse.
The resulting electrical activity is recorded by the other electrodes. The distance between electrodes and the time it takes for electrical impulses to travel between electrodes are used to calculate the nerve conduction velocity.
Comprehensive Hearing Evaluation
A comprehensive hearing test is performed to determine not only your ability to hear and understand speech, but also to determine your ability to hear different frequencies or pitches. If the hearing test shows that you have a hearing loss or if you are experiencing significant communication problems in work, home, and social environments, you may be considered a potential candidate for hearing aids.
Vestibular Autorotation Test(VATŪ)
The VAT is the most accurate and easiest to perform of all diagnostic balance tests available today. The VAT can record and analyze performance of the inner ear in a natural, comfortable manner. Testing is painless, non-invasive and can be performed in as little as 15 minutes. The VAT is recommended for diagnosis of most types of balance disorders or dizziness.